Sunflower Oil - 2
The 'high oleic' sunflower oil has the approximate composition:
|Acid value||0.4 max|
|Energy value Kcal/100 ml||900|
The oil contains vitamins A, D and (principally) E, and minerals calcium, zinc, potassium, iron, phosphorus.
Folk-lore and Traditional Plant uses
The oil was used by the indigenous population of America to help with rheumatism, whereas in Russia the leaves and flowers were used for the treatment of chest problems, bronchitis, cought's and even malaria. The dried leaves have been smoked like tobacco.
The petals can be steeped in water to produce a yellow hair dye and the stalks are used for papermaking. The oil burns well and may be used in oil lamps. It has also been used in the manufacture of resins and soap. Sunflower seeds together with a decoction of morning glory (Ipomoea pandurata) are used as a sacrament by the Iroquois Indians in spring and autumn rituals (Chevallier 1996).
Therapeutic Properties - Internal Use
Sunflower oil has light diuretic properties and also favours the development of healthy teeth in growing children. It aids cholesterol metabolism (Bartram 1996) and may be used to counter act arteriosclerosis(Stier 1990). Sunflower oil is expectorant and, as it contains inulin, it is useful in the treatment of asthma (Mabey 1988 p. 14). It has been reported as being helpful in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (Anon 1990), Millar et al 1973, Swank & Dugan 1990). A homoeopathic sunflower tincture is used in cases of constipation.
Oleic type sunflower oil is included in mixtures designed to balance the lipidic diet (Bruneton 1995): the current recommendations are 25%/50%/25% of saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated oils respectively.
Therapeutic Properties - external Use
Beneficial for skin complaints and bruises
Alleged to be helpful in cases of leg ulcers
Included in preparations for skin disorders, haemorrhoids, acne, seborrhoea, rhinitis, and sinusitis (Reynolds 1993)
The oil has a softening and moisturizing effect on the skin (Mabey 1988) and is used for massage.
It is a good cooking oil and is used in frying and to make margarine, cheese and salad dressings . Mixing the seeds with water in a blender produces a very palatable vegetarian milk, The seeds can be roasted and eaten or ground for use as a coffee substitute. The flower buds can be cooked and eaten with butter just like artichokes. As the smoke point is below 220C the oil is suitable for low temperature cooking.
The oil used in blended cooking oils has been highly refined and should not be used for aromatherapy massage. The unrefined oil should not be used at high temperatures as it breaks down and produces toxic elements when heated (Earle 1991). Otherwise, there are no other known contraindications (Winter 1984).
Reference: carrier Oils For Aromatherapy & Massage: Len Price with Ian Smith & Shirley Price
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