Carrier Oils For Aromatherapy



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Sisymbrium OIl - Sisymbrium irio

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Sisymbrium OIl - Sisymbrium ir

Latin Name: Sisymbrium irio

Family: Cruciferae

The Plant and its environment: This is a herbaceous plant found in certain regions of Asia.

The Oil: The oil is a clean yellow-green- colour with a distinctive odour and taste.

Methods of extraction: Sisymbrium oil is obtained from the seeds of the plant by cold pressing.

Principal Constituents

Type   Based On  Content - %
Monounsaturated fatty acids     
C16:0 palmitic acid  5.9
C18:0 stearic acid  1.9 
C20:0 arachidic acid 1.7
C22:0  behenic acid   9.5
C24:0  lignoceric acid  0.9 
Typical saturated fatty acid content    20 
C16:1  palmitoleic acid  0.2 
C18:1  oleic acid  12.1 
C20:1 ecosenoic acid  9.2
C22:1 erucic acid 0.2
Typical monounsaturated fatty acid content   22
Polyunsaturated fatty acids     
C18:2 linoleic acid 16.6
C18:3 omega  6 alpha linoleic acid 0.6
C18:3 omega 3 gamma linoleic acid 36.8
C22 others   0.9
Typical polyunsaturated fatty content   55

 The almost negligible level of erucic acid (C22:1) ia atypical, considering that Sisymbrium belongs to the family Cruciferae.

Physical Properties

Specific gravity at 20% 0.913
Refractive index 1.465-1.470
Saponification value 160-180
Iodine value 96-103

 Folk-lore and traditional plant remedies

As early as Roman times sisymbrium oil was used as a massage oil for the body. Today, in certain regions of India, sisymbrium seeds are brewed to treat skin ailments. It is interesting to note that around the regions of Hyderabad and Lahore, not from Kashmir, the seeds of Sisymbrium irio are applied to the face for between 15 and 20 minutes. This is reputed to give excellent results in improving the texture and appearane of the skin

Cosmetic Use

An oil with good cosmetic properties

Reference: Carrier Oils For Aromatherapy and Massage: Len Price with Ian Smith & Shirley Price 

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